Investing Advice

Definitions of Investing, Legal, & Business Terms

  Investing Term Dictionary
Choose below the first letter of the investment term you would like defined.
Accounts Payable: The amount of money owed to suppliers and vendors.
Accounts Receivable: The amount of money due a business from its customers.
Accrued Interest: Interest that is payable to you but you haven't received yet.
Accumulated Dividends: Within a mutual fund, dividends from companies that haven't yet been distributed to the fund shareholders.
Adjusted Gross Income: All the money earned in the year from all sources, "adjusted" by various tax credits that are deducted off the top of your income to reduce what is taxable.
Affidavit: A written statement certified by a notary public as to its authenticity
After Hours Trading: Some brokers offer Nasdaq trading from 4-8:00 pm EST and from 7-9:30 am EST.
Allocation of Investments: Also called asset allocation, this is placing a set amount or percent of your money in one type of investment such as stocks, another part in maybe bonds, real estate or treasuries.
American Depository Receipts (ADR): Securities representing a fixed number of shares of stock of a foreign corporation, and traded like regular common stock on U.S stock exchanges.
Amortization, Amortize: The payoff of a debt with regular payments, with part going to interest and the remainder of the payment to the principal.
Annual Report: A yearly report issued by corporations and mutual funds that detail their financial condition.
Annualized: Converting a monthly or daily figure to an annual basis.
Annuity: A plan that pays you a minimum amount, either for a given number of years, or a fixed amount for the rest of your life. There are immediate annuities that begin now, or delayed to begin at retirement. Variable annuities pay an amount that is affected by the success of the underlying investments. 
Arbitrage: Usually practiced by institutional investors, buying an investment (stock, options, international currency, commodities) and selling at a higher price at exactly the same time. This is done when they find a "skew" in prices in different markets.
Arbitration: A method where conflict between two or more parties is resolved by impartial persons, arbitrators, who are knowledgeable in the areas in controversy. Also called mediation.
Ask Price: The current price you may pay for a stock or option. The price that at which a market maker is selling a Nasdaq stock.
Asset: Money, inventory, accounts receivable, plants and equipment, real estate, and intellectual things of worth such as patents. Anything that has value.
Assumption of Risk: The situation that arises when an individual agrees to perform certain duties knowing that they could be potentially physically dangerous or of high financial risk.
Attorney-in-fact: subordination clause that permits the landlord to submit, on the tenant's behalf, without further approval, a certificate of subordination to a lender, trustee, or financing institution.
Authorized Issue: The maximum number of shares that a corporation may issue as declared in its articles of incorporation.
Audit: When a CPA or accountancy firm declares the truthfulness and accuracy of a company's financial statements.
Average Annual Return: The amount of interest earned, or the percent amount you would have had to have earned on your investment to get to where your investment is worth today. This is a compounded figure, so a 100% return in 4 years is not 25% per year but an 18.9% average annual return.
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